Aims We aimed to determine factors associated with the longitudinal development of social participation in a Dutch population of individuals with Cerebral Palsy (CP) aged 1–24 years. Methods and procedures For this multicentre prospective longitudinal study, 424 individuals with CP aged 1–24 years were recruited from various rehabilitation centers in The Netherlands. Social participation was measured with the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. We assessed associations with age, intellectual impairment, level of gross motor function, gender, type of CP, manual ability, epilepsy, hearing-, visual-, speech impairment and pain, internalizing- and externalizing behavioral problems, type of education and parental level of education. Each individual was measured 3 or 4 times. The time between measurements was 1 or 2 years. Outcomes and results Epilepsy and speech impairment were each independently associated with the longitudinal development of social participation. The effects were rather small and did not change with age. Also, a trend was found that children attending special education develop less favorably in social participation. Conclusions and implications Our results might provide parents and caregivers with starting points to further develop tailored support for individuals with epilepsy, with speech impairment and/or attending special education at risk for suboptimal social participation.

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Research in Developmental Disabilities
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine

Tan, S. S., van der Slot, W., Ketelaar, M., Becher, J. G., Dallmeijer, A., Smits, D.-W., & Roebroeck, M. (2016). Factors contributing to the longitudinal development of social participation in individuals with cerebral palsy. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 57, 125–135. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2016.03.015