Background The aim of the present EURECCA international comparison is to compare adjuvant chemotherapy and relative survival of patients with stage II colon cancer between European countries. Methods Population-based national cohort data (2004-2009) from the Netherlands (NL), Denmark (DK), Sweden (SE), England (ENG), Ireland (IE), and Belgium (BE) were obtained, as well as single-centre data from Lithuania. All surgically treated patients with stage II colon cancer were included. The proportion of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy was calculated and compared between countries. Besides, relative survival was calculated and compared between countries. Results Overall, 59,154 patients were included. The proportion of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy ranged from 7.1% to 29.0% (p < 0.001). Compared with NL, a better adjusted relative survival was observed in SE (stage II: relative excess risks (RER) 0.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44-0.64; p < 0.001), and BE (stage II: RER 0.84, 95% CI 0.76-0.92; p < 0.001), and in IE for patients with stage IIA disease (RER 0.80, 95% CI 0.65-0.98; p = 0.03). Conclusion The proportion of patients with stage II colon cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy varied largely between seven European countries. No clear linear pattern between adjuvant chemotherapy and adjusted relative survival was observed. Compared with NL, SE and BE showed an improved adjusted relative survival for stage II disease, and IE for patients with stage IIA disease only. Further research into selection criteria for adjuvant chemotherapy could eventually lead to individually tailored, optimal treatment of patients with stage II colon cancer.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adjuvant chemotherapy, Colon cancer, International comparison, Population-based, Stage II, Surgery
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2016.04.017, hdl.handle.net/1765/96461
Journal European Journal of Cancer
Citation
Breugom, A.J., Bastiaannet, E, Boelens, P.G, Iversen, L.H, Martling, A., Johansson, R, … van de Velde, C.J.H. (2016). Adjuvant chemotherapy and relative survival of patients with stage II colon cancer - A EURECCA international comparison between the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, England, Ireland, Belgium, and Lithuania. European Journal of Cancer, 63, 110–117. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2016.04.017