Females have unique and additional risk factors for neurological disorders. Among classical estrogen receptors, estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) has been suggested as a therapeutic target. However, little is known about the role of ERβ in the female brain. Six electronic databases were searched for articles evaluating the role of ERβ in the female brain and the influence of age and menopause on ERβ function. After screening 3186 titles and abstracts, 49 articles were included in the review, all of which were animal studies. Of these, 19 focused on cellular signaling, 7 on neuroendocrine pathways, 8 on neurological disorders, 4 on neuroprotection and 19 on psychological and psychiatric outcomes (6 studies evaluated two or more outcomes). Our findings showed that ERβ phosphorylated and activated intracellular second messenger proteins and regulated protein expression of genes involved in neurological functions. It also promoted neurogenesis, modulated the neuroendocrine regulation of stress response, conferred neuroprotection against ischemia and inflammation, and reduced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. Targeting ERβ may constitute a novel treatment for menopausal symptoms, including anxiety, depression, and neurological diseases. However, to establish potential therapeutic and preventive strategies targeting ERβ, future studies should be conducted in humans to further our understanding of the importance of ERβ in women's mental and cognitive health.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Brain, Estrogen receptor beta, Menopause, Neurological disorders, Psychiatry, Systematic review
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.05.014, hdl.handle.net/1765/96697
Journal Maturitas
Citation
Vargas, K.G, Milic, J, Zaciragic, A, Wen, K.-X, Jaspers, L, Nano, J, … Franco, O.H. (2016). The functions of estrogen receptor beta in the female brain: A systematic review. Maturitas (Vol. 93, pp. 41–57). doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.05.014