Since the introduction of cardiac surgery, the prospects for children born with a cardiac defect have improved spectacularly. Many reach adulthood and the population of adults with congenital heart disease is increasing and ageing. However, repair of congenital heart disease does not mean cure. Many adults with congenital heart disease encounter late complications. Late morbidity can be related to the congenital heart defect itself, but may also be the consequence of the surgical or medical treatment or longstanding alterations in hemodynamics, neurodevelopment and psychosocial development. This narrative review describes the cardiac and non-cardiac long-term morbidity in the adult population with congenital heart disease.

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Keywords Congenital heart disease, Epidemiology, Morbidity, Psychosocial outcome, Sexuality, Survival
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Journal Maturitas
Cuypers, J.A.A.E, Utens, E.M.W.J, & Roos-Hesselink, J.W. (2016). Health in adults with congenital heart disease. Maturitas (Vol. 91, pp. 69–73). doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.06.005