OBJECTIVE:: To determine differences between survivors and nonsurvivors and factors associated with mortality in pediatric intensive care patients with low risk of mortality. DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:: Patients were selected from a national database including all admissions to the PICUs in The Netherlands between 2006 and 2012. PATIENTS:: Patients less than 18 years old admitted to the PICU with a predicted mortality risk lower than 1% according to either the recalibrated Pediatric Risk of Mortality or the Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 were included. INTERVENTIONS:: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:: In total, 16,874 low-risk admissions were included of which 86 patients (0.5%) died. Nonsurvivors had more unplanned admissions (74.4% vs 38.5%; p < 0.001), had more complex chronic conditions (76.7% vs 58.8%; p = 0.001), were more often mechanically ventilated (88.1% vs 34.9%; p < 0.001), and had a longer length of stay (median, 11 [interquartile range, 5–32] d vs median, 3 [interquartile range, 2–5] d; p < 0.001) when compared with survivors. Factors significantly associated with mortality were complex chronic conditions (odds ratio, 3.29; 95% CI, 1.97–5.50), unplanned admissions (odds ratio, 5.78; 95% CI, 3.40–9.81), and admissions in spring/summer (odds ratio, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.08–2.58). CONCLUSIONS:: Nonsurvivors in the PICU with a low predicted mortality risk have recognizable risk factors including complex chronic condition and unplanned admissions.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000001086, hdl.handle.net/1765/97896
Journal Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Verlaat, C.W.M, Visser, I.H.E, Wubben, N. (Nina), Hazelzet, J.A, Lemson, J, van den Boogaard, M, & van der Hoeven, J.G. (2017). Factors Associated With Mortality in Low-Risk Pediatric Critical Care Patients in The Netherlands. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. doi:10.1097/PCC.0000000000001086