Purpose of review Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is well known for its ability to cause life-threatening infections. On the other hand, this bacterium can thrive as a commensal on and in human tissues without causing much problems. How big a threat is S. aureus actually? Furthermore, commensalism is associated with biofilms, where can we find them, and which natural and artificial components activate biofilm formation? Recent findings Recent findings on S. aureus carriage on skin, mucosa, and in wounds indicate the presence of large numbers of S. aureus, yet its abundance can be without major implications for the host. S. aureus is often present in biofilms, together with other microorganisms, which can stimulate biofilm formation of S. aureus, in addition medicine including antibiotics can do the same. Summary S. aureus can cause devastating infections, but when we take into consideration the ubiquitous presence of S. aureus, the risk seems to be relatively low. S. aureus forms biofilms in response to the ‘hazards’ on the human body, and signal to do so can come from various sources. All this has to be taken into consideration when we treat a patient as this might have enormous impact on the outcome.

Additional Metadata
Keywords biofim, chronic infection, coinfection, commensalisms, Staphylococcus aureus
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/QCO.0000000000000366, hdl.handle.net/1765/98094
Journal Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
van Wamel, W.J.B. (2017). Staphylococcus aureus infections, some second thoughts. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases (Vol. 30, pp. 303–308). doi:10.1097/QCO.0000000000000366