Human Adaptive Immunity Rescues an Inborn Error of Innate Immunity
The molecular basis of the incomplete penetrance of monogenic disorders is unclear. We describe here eight related individuals with autosomal recessive TIRAP deficiency. Life-threatening staphylococcal disease occurred during childhood in the proband, but not in the other seven homozygotes. Responses to all Toll-like receptor 1/2 (TLR1/2), TLR2/6, and TLR4 agonists were impaired in the fibroblasts and leukocytes of all TIRAP-deficient individuals. However, the whole-blood response to the TLR2/6 agonist staphylococcal lipoteichoic acid (LTA) was abolished only in the index case individual, the only family member lacking LTA-specific antibodies (Abs). This defective response was reversed in the patient, but not in interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4)-deficient individuals, by anti-LTA monoclonal antibody (mAb). Anti-LTA mAb also rescued the macrophage response in mice lacking TIRAP, but not TLR2 or MyD88. Thus, acquired anti-LTA Abs rescue TLR2-dependent immunity to staphylococcal LTA in individuals with inherited TIRAP deficiency, accounting for incomplete penetrance. Combined TIRAP and anti-LTA Ab deficiencies underlie staphylococcal disease in this patient.
|Keywords||anti-LTA antibodies, incomplete clinical penetrance, lipoteichoic acid, LTA, primary immunodeficiency, staphylococcus aureus, TIRAP, toll-like receptors|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2017.01.039, hdl.handle.net/1765/98298|
Israel, L. (Laura), Wang, Y. (Ying), Bulek, K. (Katarzyna), Della Mina, E. (Erika), Zhang, Z. (Zhao), Pedergnana, V. (Vincent), … Puel, A. (Anne). (2017). Human Adaptive Immunity Rescues an Inborn Error of Innate Immunity. Cell, 168(5), 789–800.e10. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2017.01.039