Brexit will lead to a partial migration of financial firms from London to the EU27. This Policy Contribution provides a comparison between London and four major cities that will host most of the new EU27 wholesale market: Frankfurt, Paris, Dublin and Amsterdam. It gives a detailed picture of the wholesale markets, the largest players in these markets and the underlying clearing infrastructure. It also provides data on professional services and innovation.

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Schoenmaker, D, Uuriintuya, B. (Batsaikhan), & Kalcik, R. (Robert). (2017). Brexit and the European financial system: mapping markets, players and jobs. Retrieved from