Background: Identification of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis at high risk for a complicated course could facilitate clinical decision-making. In multiple diseases, several parameters of body composition are associated with impaired outcome, but studies in necrotizing pancreatitis are lacking. Methods: A post hoc analysis was performed in a national prospective cohort of 639 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis. Skeletal muscle mass, skeletal muscle density, and visceral adipose tissue were measured at the third lumbar vertebra level (L3) on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) within 10 days after initial admission and 1 month thereafter. Results: In total, 496 of 639 patients (78%) were included. Overall mortality rate was 14.5%. Skeletal muscle mass and density and visceral adipose tissue on first CT were not independently associated with in-hospital mortality. However, low skeletal muscle density was independently associated with increased mortality in patients ≥65 years (OR 2.54 (95%CI 1.12–5.84, P = 0.028). Skeletal muscle mass and density significantly decreased within 1 month, for both males and females, with a median relative loss of muscle mass of 12.9 and 10.2% (both P < 0.001), respectively. Skeletal muscle density decreased with 7.2 and 7.5% (both P < 0.001) for males and females, respectively. A skeletal muscle density decrease of ≥10% in 1 month was independently associated with in-hospital mortality: OR 5.87 (95%CI 2.09–16.50, P = 0.001). Conclusion: First CT-assessed body composition parameters do not correlate with in-hospital mortality in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis. Loss of skeletal muscle density ≥10% within the first month after initial admission, however, is significantly associated with increased mortality in these patients.

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Keywords Body composition, Necrotizing pancreatitis, Skeletal muscle density, Skeletal muscle mass, Visceral adipose tissue
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Journal Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
van Grinsven, J, van Vugt, J.L.A, Gharbharan, A. (Arvind), Bollen, T.L, Besselink, M.G, van Santvoort, H.C. (Hjalmar C.), … Boerma, D. (2017). The Association of Computed Tomography-Assessed Body Composition with Mortality in Patients with Necrotizing Pancreatitis. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 1–9. doi:10.1007/s11605-016-3352-3