Drawing upon the Job Demand-Control (JDC) model, this study investigates differences in work-related stress between the self-employed and wage workers. The JDC model postulates that job demand increases work-related stress, whereas job control reduces it (also by weakening the effect of job demand on work-related stress). Based on this model, we predict that the self-employed experience less work-related stress than wage workers. Empirical analysis of a longitudinal sample from Australia (2005–2013) confirms our expectations and demonstrates that job control fully mediates the negative relationship between self-employment and work-related stress. Further analyses show that self-employed individuals with employees experience more work-related stress than those without employees because of higher job demand.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Job Demand-Control model, Self-employment, Work-related stress
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2016.10.007, hdl.handle.net/1765/98866
Series ERIM Top-Core Articles
Journal Journal of Business Venturing: entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial finance, innovation and regional development
Citation
Hessels, S.J.A, Rietveld, C.A, & van der Zwan, P.W. (2017). Self-employment and work-related stress: The mediating role of job control and job demand. Journal of Business Venturing: entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial finance, innovation and regional development, 32(2), 178–196. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2016.10.007