Background
With the introduction of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound it has become possible to measure volumes. The relative increase in embryonic volume (EV) is much larger than that of the crown-rump length (CRL) over the same time period. We examined whether EV is a better parameter to determine growth restriction in fetuses with structural congenital abnormalities.
Study Design, Subjects, and Outcome Measures
CRL and EV were measured using a Virtual Reality (VR) system in prospectively collected 3D ultrasound volumes of 56 fetuses diagnosed with structural congenital abnormalities in the first trimester of pregnancy (gestational age 7+5 to 14+5 weeks). Measured CRL and EV were converted to z-scores and to percentages of the expected mean using previously published reference curves of euploid fetuses. The one-sample t-test was performed to test significance.
Results
The EV was smaller than expected for GA in fetuses with structural congenital abnormalities (-35% p<0.001, z-score -1.44 p<0.001), whereas CRL was not (-6.43% p=0.118, z-score -0.43 p=0.605).
Conclusions
CRL is a less reliable parameter to determine growth restriction in fetuses with structural congenital abnormalities as compared with EV. By measuring EV, growth restriction in first-trimester fetuses with structural congenital abnormalities becomes more evident and enables an earlier detection of these cases.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1953076, hdl.handle.net/1765/99098
Journal BioMed Research International
Citation
Baken, L, Benoit, B, Koning, A.H.J, van der Spek, P.J, Steegers, E.A.P, & Exalto, N. (2017). First-Trimester Crown-Rump Length and Embryonic Volume of Fetuses with Structural Congenital Abnormalities Measured in Virtual Reality. BioMed Research International, 2017. doi:10.1155/2017/1953076