Purpose: To investigate the association between N-terminal pro-Btype natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), which is a marker of heart disease, and markers of subclinical brain damage on magnetic resonance (MR) images in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly subjects without dementia and without a clinical diagnosis of heart disease.
Materials and Methods: This prospective population-based cohort study was approved by a medical ethics committee overseen by the national government, and all participants gave written informed consent. Serum levels of NT-proBNP were measured in 2397 participants without dementia or stroke (mean age, 56.6 years; age range, 45.7-87.3 years) and without clinical diagnosis of heart disease who were drawn from the population-based Rotterdam Study. All participants were examined with a 1.5-T MR imager. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between NT-proBNP level and MR imaging markers of subclinical brain damage, including volumetric, focal, and microstructural markers.
Results: A higher NT-proBNP level was associated with smaller total brain volume (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, -0.021; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.034, -0.007; P = .003) and was predominantly driven by gray matter volume (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, -0.037; 95% CI: -0.057, -0.017; P < .001). Higher NT-proBNP level was associated with larger white matter lesion volume (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, 0.090; 95% CI: 0.051, 0.129; P < .001), with lower fractional anisotropy (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, -0.048; 95% CI: -0.088, -0.008; P = .019) and higher mean diffusivity (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, 0.054; 95% CI: 0.018, 0.091; P = .004) of normal-appearing white matter.
Conclusion: In community-dwelling persons, higher serum NT-proBNP levels are associated with volumetric and microstructural MR imaging markers of subclinical brain damage.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2016160548, hdl.handle.net/1765/99131
Journal Radiology
Citation
Zonneveld, H.I, Ikram, M.K, Hofman, A, Niessen, W.J, van der Lugt, A, Krestin, G.P, … Vernooij, M.W. (2017). N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and subclinical brain damage in the general population. Radiology, 283(1), 205–214. doi:10.1148/radiol.2016160548