Introduction: No data are available for normative values of cutaneous threshold and spatial discrimination in the feet. We developed clinically applicable reference values in relation to the nerve distributions of the feet. Methods: We determined foot sensation in 196 healthy individuals. Cutaneous threshold (1-point static discrimination, S1PD) was tested with monofilaments (0.008 to 300 gram) and spatial discrimination (2-point static [S2PD] and moving [M2PD] discrimination) on five locations per foot. Results: There was a significant age-dependent increase in S1PD, S2PD, and M2PD values (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between both feet. S1PD values differed up to 0.8g between genders. There were no significant differences between genders for S2PD and M2PD measurements. M2PD values were generally lower than S2PD values. Conclusions: This study provides age-related normative values for foot sensation to help clinicians assess sensory deficits in relation to aging and identify patients with underlying nerve problems.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.25512, hdl.handle.net/1765/99184
Journal Muscle & Nerve
Citation
Rinkel, W.D, Aziz, M.H. (M. Hosein), Van Deelen, M.J. (Meike J.M.), Willemsen, S.P. (Sten P.), Castro Cabezas, M. (Manuel), van Neck, J.W, & Coert, J.H. (2017). Normative data for cutaneous threshold and spatial discrimination in the feet. Muscle & Nerve. doi:10.1002/mus.25512