Summary: Since the end of the nineties endovenous thermal ablation and more recently non-thermal, non-tumescent techniques have been developed and improved. Until now, because of their favourable side effect profile in conjunction to sustained efficacy, in many countries they already replaced high ligation and stripping in the treatment of refluxing saphenous veins as well as for treatment of perforators and selected tributaries. Now, studies and comparative trials are available with long-term follow-ups for most of the techniques, providing valid data on occlusion and reflux rates, side effect profiles, and health related quality of life.

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Keywords Cyanoacrylate, Endovenous ablation, Endovenous laser, Radiofrequency ablation, Saphenous vein, Thermal ablation
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Journal Vasa - Journal of Vascular Diseases
Proebstle, T.M, & van den Bos, R.R. (2017). Endovenous ablation of refluxing saphenous and perforating veins. Vasa - Journal of Vascular Diseases (Vol. 46, pp. 159–166). doi:10.1024/0301-1526/a000610