ABSTRACT Some studies fi nd that interethnic propinquity leads to ethnic tolerance, while others conclude that it underlies ethnic confl ict. Using data on 50 Dutch cities in 2006 and 2010, this article assesses whether the consequences of interethnic propinquity for votes for Wilders’s PVV – the Dutch anti-immigrant party par excellence – are conditional on the economic and cultural urban contexts in which these contacts take place. In line with the ‘confl ict hypothesis’ it is found that a higher level of interethnic propinquity leads to more support for the PVV in cities with a high level of unemployment and an intolerant cultural climate (as measured by the bohemian index and the gay-scene index), whereas the relationship is reverse in cities with low unemployment levels and a tolerant cultural climate (corroborating the ‘contact hypothesis’).

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Keywords anti-immigrant voting, bohemian index, ethnic competition, gay-scene index, interethnic contact, urban cultural atmosphere
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/26141
Citation
van der Waal, J, de Koster, W, & Achterberg, P.H.J. (2011). Stedelijke context en steun voor de PVV: Interetnische nabijheid, economische kansen en cultureel klimaat in 50 Nederlandse steden. Res Publica: Belgian journal of political science, 53(2), 189–207. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/26141