Vectorcardiographic monitoring to assess early vessel patency after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction
Reperfusion therapy has lowered mortality in patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction. Failure to reperfuse is associated with an increased short- and long-term mortality. In a prospective study we used dynamic vectorcardiography to monitor 96 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with reperfusion therapy to non-invasively assess coronary patency. The results from continuous monitoring were compared to those obtained from angiography. By using trend-analysis of QRS vector difference and ST vector magnitude, we were able to correctly identify 58 of the 70 patients (83%) with a reperfused infarct-related artery, and 19 of the 26 patients (73%) with a persistently occluded artery demonstrated at an early angiogram (diagnostic accuracy 80%). In patients with high-grade collateral flow to the infarct-related area, the results of the vectorcardiographic monitoring and of angiography showed the largest disagreement, whereas the accuracy of vectorcardiographic monitoring was high: 88% among patients without collaterals. The present results suggest that QRS complex and ST segment vectorcardiographic monitoring is a useful tool for assessing early coronary artery patency, and that dynamic vectorcardiography may help in identifying candidates for emergency coronary angiography.
|Keywords||*Vascular Patency, *Vectorcardiography, Acute Disease, Collateral Circulation, Coronary Angiography, Female, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis/*physiopathology/therapy, Myocardial Reperfusion, Retrospective Studies, Sensitivity and Specificity, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
Dellborg, M., Steg, P.G., Simoons, M.L., Dietz, R., Sen, S., Lotze, U., … Hauck, S.. (1995). Vectorcardiographic monitoring to assess early vessel patency after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal, 16, 21–29. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/5491