The study on hand investigates the French and German Americanization-debate between 1918 and 1933. It thereby contemplates the works of authors which have significantly contributed to the interwar-debate about the USA and its influences on Europe. The focal point of the research thereby lies on the relationship between advocated pro- and anti-American images and the concept of national identity.
Present study uses Constructivism as International Relations Theory to guide the research and methodologically rests upon a comparative case-study approach. The empirical section investigates the life and America-related work of Julius Hirsch, Lucien Romier, Adolf Halfeld and Georges Duhamel. In reference to these authors the research concludes that pro- and anti-Americanism in Germany and France during the 1920s were a catalyst for the creation, definition and refinement of national identity.
Thereby the study not only affirms the functional relationship between the Americanization-debate and national identity but also illustrates the multilayered nuances of the discourse, which comprises subjective dimensions as much as historical and ideological ones.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Americanization, National Identity, Pro-Americanism, Anti-Americanism, Constructivism
Promotor H.A.M. Klemann (Hein) , F.M.M. de Goey (Ferry)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Persistent URL
Jacqué, S.I. (2017, October 19). Constructing America : a constructivist contemplation of the relationship between the Franco-German Americanization-debate and national identity, 1918-1933. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from