The study on hand investigates the French and German Americanization-debate between 1918 and 1933. It thereby contemplates the works of authors which have significantly contributed to the interwar-debate about the USA and its influences on Europe. The focal point of the research thereby lies on the relationship between advocated pro- and anti-American images and the concept of national identity.
Present study uses Constructivism as International Relations Theory to guide the research and methodologically rests upon a comparative case-study approach. The empirical section investigates the life and America-related work of Julius Hirsch, Lucien Romier, Adolf Halfeld and Georges Duhamel. In reference to these authors the research concludes that pro- and anti-Americanism in Germany and France during the 1920s were a catalyst for the creation, definition and refinement of national identity.
Thereby the study not only affirms the functional relationship between the Americanization-debate and national identity but also illustrates the multilayered nuances of the discourse, which comprises subjective dimensions as much as historical and ideological ones.

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H.A.M. Klemann (Hein) , F.M.M. de Goey (Ferry)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication (ESHCC)

Jacqué, S. (2017, October 19). Constructing America : a constructivist contemplation of the relationship between the Franco-German Americanization-debate and national identity, 1918-1933. Retrieved from