The vast increase in digital insecurity - posed by ransomware, DDoS attacks and data breaches amongst others - requires an intelligent cyber security strategy. Government and industry can shape this strategy with legal instruments, such as regulations and contracts. However, very little is known regarding the social costs and benefits thereof. This is worrisome: cyber security expenditures will rise exponentially in the future as mankind becomes increasingly dependent on the digital world.

‘The Law and Economics of Cyber Security’ provides an in depth analysis into the root causes of this societal problem. The dissertation investigates novel legal instruments such as the possibility for insurance against cyber risks, the option to cover these risks by means of pooling and the EU data breach notification obligation in the GDPR. Furthermore, the study yields concrete policy recommendations for university, government and industry. In doing so, it combines fundamental analysis with concrete, actionable building blocks for an enhanced national cyber security strategy.

Bernold Nieuwesteeg is a Law and Economics researcher at Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics (RILE), Erasmus University Rotterdam and has been a PhD researcher in the European Doctorate in Law and Economics (EDLE) Program. Bernold is partner at CrossOver, which offers cross company learning programs for mechanics, administrative personnel, social workers and trainees. He is a frequent contributor to the public policy debate in newspapers, conferences and public fora.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cyber security, data breach notification law, cyber insurance, cyber risk pooling
Promotor L.T. Visscher (Louis) , K. van Noortwijk (Kees)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Persistent URL
Series EDLE - The European Doctorate in Law and Economics programme
Note This thesis was written as part of the European Doctorate in Law and Economics programme
Nieuwesteeg, B.F.H. (2018, June 25). The Law and Economics of Cyber Security. EDLE - The European Doctorate in Law and Economics programme. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from