Background: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of six different biomarkers in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and to explore whether a multi-biomarker approach can contribute to a better risk stratification. Methods: In this prospective study, patients with PH were included at the day of the diagnostic right heart catheterization between May 2012 and October 2016. Venous blood sampling included; NT-proBNP, high sensitive troponin-T, high sensitive CRP, galectin-3, red blood cell distribution width and eGFR. Associations between biomarker levels and the primary endpoint (death or lung transplantation) and secondary endpoint (death, lung transplantation or heart failure) were assessed with Cox regression, adjusted for age and sex. Additionally, adjustment for the REVEAL risk score was performed. Results: In total, 106 patients were included (median age 58.7 [IQR 47.0-69.2] years, 64% women, 51% pulmonary arterial hypertension). After a median follow-up duration of 23.9 [IQR 15.1-40.0] months, respectively 29 and 37 patients reached the primary and secondary endpoint. All six biomarkers, except eGFR, were significantly associated with the endpoints. A multi-biomarker approach including the number of elevated biomarkers per patient, demonstrated that patients were at higher risk of adverse events as more biomarker levels were elevated (HR for each extra elevated biomarker; 1.33, 95% CI 1.07-1.64, P =.01). However, a single as well as a combination of multiple biomarkers, did not yield prognostic value independent of the REVEAL risk score. Conclusions: Various biomarkers are associated with the event-free survival in adults with PH. However, risk stratification exclusively based on single or a combination of biomarkers seems not superior to existing risk scores.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2018.11.001, hdl.handle.net/1765/113517
Journal American Heart Journal
Citation
Geenen, L.W. (Laurie W.), Baggen, V.J.M, Koudstaal, T. (Thomas), Boomars, K.A.T, Eindhoven, J.A, Boersma, H, … van den Bosch, A.E. (2019). The prognostic value of various biomarkers in adults with pulmonary hypertension; a multi-biomarker approach. American Heart Journal, 208, 91–99. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2018.11.001