Child Height, Health and Human Capital: Evidence using Genetic Markers
Height has long been recognized as being associated with better outcomes: the question is whether this association is causal. We use children’s genetic variants as instrumental variables to deal with possible unobserved confounders and examine the effect of child/adolescent height on a wide range of outcomes: academic performance, IQ, self-esteem, depression symptoms and behavioral problems. OLS findings show that taller children have higher IQ, perform better in school, and are less likely to have behavioral problems. The IV results differ: taller girls (but not boys) have better cognitive performance and, in contrast to the OLS, greater height appears to increase behavioral problems.
|Keywords||Child height, Human capital, Instrumental variables, Mendelian randomization, Genetic variants|
|JEL||Health (jel I1), Education and Research Institutions (jel I2)|
|Journal||European Economic Review|
von Hinke Kessler Scholder, S.M.L, Davey-Smith, G, Lawlor, D.A, Propper, C, & Windmeijer, F. (2013). Child Height, Health and Human Capital: Evidence using Genetic Markers. European Economic Review, 57, 1–22. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/114080