BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the rate of neurological events in patients with or without cerebral embolic protection (CEP) during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Data on clinical end points including neurological events ≤30 days post-TAVR were collected for all patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR in 2 academic tertiary care institutions. Patients were matched through propensity scoring, which resulted in 333 pairs of patients with versus without CEP out of a total of 831 consecutive patients. The median age was 81 (76–85) years, and the median logistic EuroScore was 14% (9%–20%). The CEP group experienced less neurological events at 24 hours (1% versus 4%; P=0.035) and at 30 days (3% versus 7%; P=0.029). There were significantly more disabling strokes in unprotected patients at 30 days (1% versus 4%; P=0.039). CEP was associated with significantly fewer neurological events at 24 hours after TAVR (odds ratio, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.06–0.73; P=0.015) by multiple regression analysis, while age and valve type did not contribute significantly. Overall, 67% (2 of 3) in the CEP versus 83% (10 of 12) in the non-CEP cohort experienced neurological events in protected areas (ie, not dependent on the left vertebral artery). CONCLUSIONS: The use of filter-based CEP during TAVR was associated with less neurological events, especially in CEP-protected brain territories.

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Keywords aortic valve stenosis ◼ registries ◼ stroke ◼ the Netherlands ◼ transcatheter aortic valve replacement
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Journal Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Kroon, H.G., van der Werf, H. W., Hoeks, S.E, van Gils, L, van den Berge, F.R., El Faquir, N., … van Mieghem, N.M. (2019). Early Clinical Impact of Cerebral Embolic Protection in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement A Two-Center Registry in the Netherlands. Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions, 12(6). doi:10.1161/circinterventions.118.007605