Objective and background: The study aim is to provide long-term clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unprotected left main coronary arteries (ULMCA) stenosis with the first-generation (1st-gen) drug-eluting stents (DES) in comparison to 2nd-gen DES, since this is largely unknown. Methods: Between May 2002, and December 2014, a consecutive series of 656 all-comer patients underwent a PCI for ULMCA stenosis at the Erasmus Medical Center. A total of 235 patients were treated with 1st-gen DES, while a total of 421 patients were treated with 2nd-gen DES. Results: Overall, the population consisted of 73% males and 58% presented with an acute coronary syndrome. Median follow-up time was 1,361 days (range from 0 to 5,031). At 5 years, the cumulative incidence of major adverse clinical events (the primary composite endpoint of all-cause death, any myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization; MACE) did not differ between 1st- and 2nd-gen DES (36.8 vs. 38.6%, respectively, Log Rank p =.79, adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.28 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94–1.74]). No difference was found in the individual endpoints of all-cause mortality (29.5 vs. 29% respectively, p =.88, adjusted HR = 1.19 [95% CI, 0.84–1.68]), target vessel myocardial infarction (5.0 vs. 8.4%, p = 0.17, adjusted HR = 1.75 [95% CI, 0.78–3.96]) and target lesion revascularization (8.1 vs. 9.8%, p =.94, adjusted HR = 1.16 [95% CI, 0.59–2.29]) between the 1st- and 2nd-gen DES cohorts, respectively. Conclusions: In this large cohort of consecutive patients treated for ULMCA stenosis, no significant differences were found in the safety and efficacy of 1st versus 2nd-gen DES at 5 years follow-up.

Additional Metadata
Keywords DES, first-generation, long-term outcome, second-generation, ULMCA
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28387, hdl.handle.net/1765/118497
Journal Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Citation
Van Zandvoort, L, van Bommel, R.J, Masdjedi, K, Tovar Forero, M.N. (Maria Natalia), Lemmert, M.E, Wilschut, J. (Jeroen), … Daemen, J. (2019). Long-term outcome in patients treated with first- versus second-generation drug-eluting stents for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. doi:10.1002/ccd.28387