In the present research, the authors examined the effect of procedural fairness and rewarding leadership style on an important variable for employees: self-esteem. The authors predicted that procedural fairness would positively influence people's reported self-esteem if the leader adopted a style of rewarding behavior for a job well done. Results from a scenario experiment, a laboratory experiment, and an organizational survey indeed show that procedural fairness and rewarding leadership style interacted to influence followers' self-esteem, such that the positive relationship between procedural fairness and self-esteem was more pronounced when the leadership style was high in rewarding behavior. Implications in terms of integrating the leadership and procedural fairness literature are discussed.

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Series ERIM Top-Core Articles
Journal Journal of Applied Psychology
de Cremer, D, van Knippenberg, B, van Knippenberg, D.L, Mullenders, D, & Stinglhamber, F. (2005). Rewarding Leadership and Fair Procedures as Determinants of Self-Esteem. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(1), 3–12. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.90.1.3