Background: This study investigates the relationship between headache and the occurrence of signs associated with intracranial hypertension such as ophthalmic signs, restricted skull growth, and a vertex bulge in children who were operated on for sagittal synostosis. Methods: A total of 94 patients (aged 6 to 18 years) with sagittal synostosis were asked to indicate their headache frequency. Based on their age at referral, the patients had undergone either frontobiparietal remodeling or an extended strip craniotomy. Data on funduscopy, optical coherence tomography, occipitofrontal head circumference, and presence of vertex bulge on radiography were collected retrospectively. Results: Univariate analysis showed that extended strip craniotomy, the occurrence of ophthalmic signs, and a smaller occipitofrontal head circumference at last follow-up were related to more frequent headaches (p = 0.01, p = 0.04, and p < 0.01, respectively). On multivariate analysis, only type of surgery and occipitofrontal head circumference at last follow-up remained significant predictors (p = 0.04 and p < 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Although the reported rate of frequent headaches in this study is within the norm reported for the normal population, this study shows that after correction for sagittal craniosynostosis, frequent headaches are independently related to type of surgery and to occipitofrontal head circumference at last follow-up. Headaches in the sagittal craniosynostosis population may be related to papilledema and/or an increased total retinal thickness. Therefore, the authors recommend that occipitofrontal head circumference be routinely measured and that patients be asked about the occurrence and frequency of headaches during their checkup at the clinic. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 143: 798e, 2019.)

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/prs.0000000000005481, hdl.handle.net/1765/118907
Journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Citation
van de Beeten, S.D.C., Mathijssen, I.M.J, Kamst, N.W., & van Veelen-Vincent, M.L.C. (2019). Headache in Postoperative Isolated Sagittal Synostosis. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 143(4), 798E–805E. doi:10.1097/prs.0000000000005481