Purpose: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), a distinct form of macular degeneration, has been associated with glucocorticoid use and possibly also with an increased endogenous activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. To estimate long-term glucocorticoid exposure, measurement of hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) has emerged. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate HCC, as a reflection of chronic endogenous steroid exposure, in a cohort of patients with chronic CSC (cCSC). Methods: Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) were determined in 48 patients with cCSC and 230 population-based controls (Lifelines cohort study), not using exogenous corticosteroids. Results: Increased HCC (defined as >10.49 pg/mg) were present in 2 (4%) patients with cCSC and 13 (6%) controls. Mean HCC values were not different between patients and controls, and no difference in HCC was found between patients with active cCSC disease and patients with inactive disease. No correlation between HCC and urinary free cortisol (UFC) levels in patients with cCSC was found. Conclusions: This study shows that HCC in patients with cCSC are not elevated compared to population-based controls, and no association between HCC and cCSC severity was found. This finding questions the previous suggestion that cCSC is associated with increased HPA axis activity. In line, HCC do not seem useful in monitoring cCSC disease activity.

Additional Metadata
Keywords central serous chorioretinopathy, cortisol, hair cortisol, hypercortisolism, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14269, hdl.handle.net/1765/120641
Series VSNU Open Access deal
Journal Acta Ophthalmologica
Note corresponding author at Leiden University Medical Center
Citation
van Haalen, F.M. (Femke M.), van Dijk, E.H.C. (Elon H. C.), Savas, M, Brinks, J. (Joost), Dekkers, O.M, Dijkman, G, … Pereira, A.M. (2019). Hair cortisol concentrations in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. Acta Ophthalmologica. doi:10.1111/aos.14269