Background The financial burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing due to the ageing population and increased prevalence of comorbid diseases. Our aim was to evaluate age-related differences in health care use and costs in Stage G4/G5 CKD without renal replacement therapy (RRT), dialysis and kidney transplant patients and compare them to the general population.
Methods Using Dutch health care claims, we identified CKD patients and divided them into three groups: CKD Stage G4/G5 without RRT, dialysis and kidney transplantation. We matched them with two controls per patient. Total health care costs and hospital costs unrelated to CKD treatment are presented in four age categories (19–44, 45–64, 65–74 and ≥75 years).
Results Overall, health care costs of CKD patients ≥75 years of age were lower than costs of patients 65–74 years of age. In dialysis patients, costs were highest in patients 45–64 years of age. Since costs of controls increased gradually with age, the cost ratio of patients versus controls was highest in young patients (19–44 years). CKD patients were in greater need of additional specialist care than the general population, which was already evident in young patients.
Conclusion Already at a young age and in the earlier stages of CKD, patients are in need of additional care with corresponding health care costs far exceeding those of the general population. In contrast to the general population, the oldest patients (≥75 years) of all CKD patient groups have lower costs than patients 65–74 years of age, which is largely explained by lower hospital and medication costs.

Additional Metadata
Keywords chronic kidney disease, costs, dialysis, health, claims data, kidney transplantation
Sponsor This work is financed by a grant from the Dutch Kidney Foundation.
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz146, hdl.handle.net/1765/120899
Journal Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Note Supplementary data are available at ndt online.
Citation
van Oosten, M.J.M, Logtenberg, S.S.J, Leegte, M.J.H, Bilo, H.J.G, Mohnen, S.M, van Hakkaart-van Roijen, L, … Stel, V.S. (2019). Age-related difference in health care use and costs of patients with chronic kidney disease and matched controls. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfz146