Background: The perioperative management of esophageal atresia/tracheo-esophageal fistula by open or thoracoscopic approach can be complicated by metabolic derangements. Little is known, however, about the severity of derangements of vital and metabolic parameters in the perioperative period.
Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the perioperative courses of vital and metabolic parameters in 101 consecutive neonates undergoing surgical repair of esophageal atresia type C. Method: In a retrospective cohort study, we extracted all data from the electronic anesthetic and medical charts of patients who underwent esophageal atresia type C repair within 30 days of life (2007-2017). We distinguished three types of surgery: primary open, primary thoracoscopic, and primary thoracoscopic surgery converted to open surgery. Descriptive analysis was applied.
Results: The charts of 117 patients were reviewed: data of 101 were included. The perioperative anesthetic management was not standardized; various methods and medications were used for anesthesia induction and maintenance. Intraoperative blood gas analysis data of 72 patients were available and showed derangements regardless of type of surgery. The median pH-value decreased to 7.21 [IQR 7.14-7.30] and a pH-value below 7.20 was found in 29 patients; in four cases below 7.0, with the lowest value 6.83. The median PaCO2 reached an upper level of 7.5kPa [IQR 5.8-9.2]; in 13 cases above 10.0kPa, with a peak value of 25.8kPa. These high PaCO2 levels fluctuated with lowest measured PaCO2 of median 5.6 [IQR 4.5-6.6], with the lowest value 2.8kPa. The median PaO2 level reached an upper level of 16.9kPa [IQR 11.8-25.7], in 22 cases above 20.0kPa, with a peak value of 50.0kPa. These high levels fluctuated with lowest measured PaO2 levels of median 8.3kPa [IQR 6.73-10.5]; the lowest PaO2 value was 4.7 kPa.
Conclusion: Open and thoracoscopic correction of esophageal atresia were associated with periods of severe metabolic derangements. These events need to be taken into account for the evaluation of esophageal atresia (surgical) care and in evaluations of short- and long-term outcomes.

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VSNU Open Access deal
Paediatric Anaesthesia
Department of Pediatric Surgery

van Hoorn, C., Costerus, S., Lau, J., Wijnen, R., Vlot, J., Tibboel, D., & de Graaff, J. (2019). Perioperative management of esophageal atresia/tracheo-esophageal fistula. Paediatric Anaesthesia, 29(10), 1024–1032. doi:10.1111/pan.13711