Medical treatment of octogenarians with chronic heart failure: data from CHECK-HF
Background: Elderly heart failure (HF) patients are underrepresented in clinical trials, though are a large proportion of patients in real-world practice. We investigated practice-based, secondary care HF management in a large group of chronic HF patients aged ≥ 80 years (octogenarians). Methods: We analyzed electronic health records of 3490 octogenarians with chronic HF at 34 Dutch outpatient clinics in the period between 2013 and 2016 , 49% women. Study patients were divided into HFpEF [LVEF ≥ 50%; n = 911 (26.1%)], HFrEF [LVEF < 40%; n = 2009 (57.6%)] and HF with mid-range EF [HFmrEF: LVEF 40–49%; n = 570 (16.3%)]. Results: Most HFrEF patients aged ≥ 80 years received a beta blocker and a renin–angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor (angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker), i.e. 78.3% and 72.8% respectively, and a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) was prescribed in 52.0% of patients. All three of these guideline-recommended medications (triple therapy) were given in only 29.9% of octogenarians with HFrEF, and at least 50% of target doses of triple therapy, beta blockers, RAS inhibitor and MRA, were prescribed in 43.8%, 62.2% and 53.5% of the total group of HFrEF patients. Contraindications or intolerance for beta blockers was present in 3.5% of the patients, for RAS inhibitors and MRAs in, 7.2% and 6.1% Conclusions: The majority of octogenarians with HFrEF received one or more guideline-recommended HF medications. However, triple therapy or target doses of the medications were prescribed in a minority. Comorbidities and reported contraindications and tolerances did not fully explain underuse of recommended HF therapies. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
|Adherence, Guidelines, Heart failure, Medication, Older people|
|VSNU Open Access deal|
|Clinical Research in Cardiology|
|corresponding author at Department of Cardiology, Hospital Group Twente, Almelo|
|Organisation||Department of Cardiology|
Linssen, G.C.M, Veenis, J.F, Kleberger, A. (Alexandra), Grosfeld, M.J.W. (Marcel J. W.), Viergever, E.P, van Dalen, B.M, … Brugts, J.J. (2020). Medical treatment of octogenarians with chronic heart failure: data from CHECK-HF. Clinical Research in Cardiology. doi:10.1007/s00392-020-01607-y