Objective: Hip fractures in frail elderly patients are associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Surgery remains the predominant treatment of choice, despite the poor prognosis. Limited research has been done with regards to nonoperative management of frail elderly patients with a hip fracture and therefore the natural course is relatively unknown. This systematic review aimed to provide an overview of the prognosis of nonoperative management in frail elderly patients with a hip fracture in terms of mortality, complications, mobility, and quality of life (QoL). Design: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central. In addition, a meta-analysis was performed. The primary outcome measurement was 30-days mortality. Results: A total of 4,318 studies were screened. In total eighteen studies matched the eligibility criteria; with low to moderate quality. Approximately two-thirds of the patients were managed nonoperatively due to medical reasons and one-third due to non-medical reasons. Pooled mortality rates after 30 days, six months and one year were 36%, 46%, and 60%, respectively. 33% of the patients developed in-hospital complications. At six months post trauma, 9.6% of the patients were able to mobilize. Data on quality of life (QoL), functional outcome, pain, comfort during nursing care, and costs were not reported. Conclusion: Nonoperative management of frail elderly patients with a hip fracture is associated with a poor prognosis. Heterogenous study cohorts and limited outcomes were reported. Current literature shows a lack of evidence of the true prognosis of nonoperative management of frail elderly patient with a hip fracture and a limited life expectancy. Results of this review can be used to aid decision making and improve expectation management.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Conservative, Elderly, Hip fracture, Operative, Palliative care, Prognosis, Proximal femur fracture, Review
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.08.027, hdl.handle.net/1765/130190
Journal Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured
Loggers, S.A.I. (Sverre A.I.), van Lieshout, E.M.M, Joosse, P, Verhofstad, M.H.J, & Willems, H.C. (Hanna C.). (2020). Prognosis of nonoperative treatment in elderly patients with a hip fracture: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2020.08.027