ABSTRACT Although the subject of extreme right virtual community formation is often discussed, an online ‘sense of community’ among right-wing extremists has not been systematically analysed. It is argued that to study this phenomenon and to understand its backgrounds and function, the offline and online experiences and actions of those involved need to be taken into account. For this purpose, qualitative data has been collected on the web forum ‘Stormfront’, supplemented by extensive online interviews with eleven of its members. It is demonstrated that those experiencing stigmatisation in offline social life regard the forum as a virtual community that functions as an online refuge, whereas those who – due to special circumstances – do not experience offline stigmatisation do not display an online sense of community. It is concluded that offline stigmatisation underlies virtual community formation by Dutch right-wing extremists. Because this mechanism may have broader significance, additional hypotheses for future research are formulated.

Additional Metadata
Keywords extreme right, internet research, online–offline, stigmatization, virtual community
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691180802266665, hdl.handle.net/1765/20101
Series Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS)
Journal Information, Communication and Society
de Koster, W, & Houtman, D. (2008). 'Stormfront Is Like a Second Home to Me': On Virtual Community Formation by Right-Wing Extremists'. Information, Communication and Society, 11(8), 1155–1176. doi:10.1080/13691180802266665