Most cellular functions are carried out by proteins, macromolecules composed of chains of amino acids. The information needed to generate these proteins is encoded in the DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) and organized in transcriptional units called ‘genes’. In order to manufacture a protein, the gene is first transcribed into ‘messenger’ Ribonucleic Acid (mRNA), which is translated into protein.

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J. Verweij (Jaap)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Dutch Cancer Society (KWF)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Jaarsveld, M.T.M. (2013, May 22). MicroRNAs and the DNA damage response: Relevance for cancer and anticancer therapy. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from