Pathologic evaluation of urinary bladder biopsies is considered as ‘gold standard’ for the diagnosis of urothelial lesions. Several pathologic entities, such as papillary cystitis, may mimick urothelial carcinoma. Complete information on clinical background and cystoscopic findings are indispensible in such cases. Extended pathologic reporting on urothelial carcinoma variants, grading and staging on the other hand can result in better risk stratification and treatment of bladder cancer.

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Tijdschrift voor Urologie
Department of Pathology

Leenders, G. (2015). Bladder cancer pathology: from cystoscope to microscope. Tijdschrift voor Urologie, 5(8), 193–198. doi:10.1007/s13629-015-0100-5